Lucerne a trading city as well as a tourist destination. Lucerne is abundantly all kinds of natural beauty. With the background of the eternal snow throughout the year, and this means that during the four seasons always seemed decorate the top of the Alps Mountains. While the stretch of pine forest surrounding the city, combined with very clear water lakes shimmering blue. The town, with its well-preserved medieval core, elegant historic buildings, and genial atmosphere, is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Switzerland. Many of these visitors come to see leading conductors, soloists, and orchestras perform at the annual summer music festival and at other festivals spotlighting blues, piano, and even marching bands. The Benedictine monastery of St. Leodegar was founded about 730, and the first mention of a town is of Luciaria in 840. Lucerne only became important after the opening of the St. Gotthard pass through the Alps in the 13th century, when its location made it a significant trading town. Lucerne is compact and easy to explore, with the old town and all the main sights within walking distance of the rail station.
Oldest Wooden Bridge
One of the main attractions of Lucerne is a wooden bridge, which stretches on River Reuss. Bridge on middle of the city known as The Chapel, built in 1333 and believed to be the oldest wooden bridge in the world. For more than seven centuries, the bridge has been several times (last in 1993) was engulfed by flames. Every time the fire occurred, the local government then intervened restored.
This bridge can always seemed intact, and somehow less ever deterred and felt able to survive, even though all the beams submerged in water for hundreds of years.
Although the course of history has made the most of buildings on Lucerne began look old due to age, the traveler can actually enjoy the charm of classic beauty and tranquility of life of rural communities in a European city. On the other hand, Lucerne is also trying to take beautify themselves without leaving the old one. The city was able to display the characteristics of modern society, complete with all sorts of facilities.
Kapellbrücke (Chapel Bridge)
The most characteristic sight in Lucerne is the Kapellbrücke, a covered wooden bridge running diagonally across the Reuss. Apart from being a picturesque centerpiece for Lucerne, the bridge, built in 1333, is interesting for the more than 100 17th-century pictures hanging from the roof rafters inside, depicting patron saints and scenes from the town’s history. The Kapellbrücke was severely damaged by fire in 1993 but has been completely rebuilt and restored. Beside it is the octagonal Wasserturm, a 13th-century water tower more than 34 meters high and once part of the town’s fortifications. The bridge and tower are among the most photographed scenes in all Switzerland.
City of Jesuit
Lucerne as examples of Catholic city that was built by the Federation of Switzerland, in order to meet the recommendations of the Convention on Trent 1545-1563. Not just Catholics, even in the beginning the management of the city is specifically handed over to Jesuit Order. Thus, on Lucerne a number of prominent church attendance. Every Sunday, the trade center turned quiet because of closed Lucerne community, since the XVI century build an educational center specifically Order of the Jesuits, and equip it with a variety of additional buildings. They founded a church dedicated to St. Francis Xavier (1506-1552). The church construction began in 1666 and completed eleven years later. The church is very interesting because of marks the trace of the Baroque style, which had the greatest impression on the world of architecture. On the inside of the church, saved many ancient paintings and sculptures indeed very beautiful.
Museum Sammlung Rosengart (Rosengart Collection)
If you’re at all interested in Post-Impressionist art, this relatively new art museum alone is worth a trip to Lucerne. Particularly strong in works by Paul Klee and Pablo Picasso, the collection also features important works of more than 20 artists of the 19th and 20th centuries, among them Cézanne, Monet, Chagall, Braque, Kandinsky, Léger, Matisse, and Miró. The 125 paintings and drawings by Paul Klee represent all periods of the artist’s work and are arranged so you can follow the progression of his style and technique. The Picasso collection includes some of his earlier drawings but concentrates mainly on his paintings after 1938. Angela Rosengart, the Museum’s founder, and her father knew these artists personally, and the museum was built to house her personal collection. Among the Picasso works are portraits he painted of her.
Löwendenkmal (Lion Monument)
Just north of Löwenplatz is the famous Lion Monument, a huge figure of a dying lion hewn from the face of the rock ledge. Designed by Thorwaldsen in 1820, the monument commemorates the death of 26 officers and more than 700 troops of the Swiss Guards, mercenary soldiers who were killed while protecting King Louis XVI during the attack on the Tuileries in the French Revolution in 1792.
The touching monument is one of the best-known sights in Lucerne, but few tourists know of another war memorial in Löwenplatz, the immense Bourbaki Panorama. The 11,000-square-meter circular painting completed in 1879 depicts in high realism the retreat of the French Eastern Army into Switzerland in 1871 during the Franco-Prussian War. As you stand in the middle of this painting, figures and actual objects, such as a rail truck, turn it into a three-dimensional scene. Entrance to this attraction is pricey, but if you have a Swiss Travel Pass, admission is free.